These holidays I’ve updated my laptop’s Windows with a dual boot to Windows 11.
As I expected something happened and after the first restart I got this message:
error: unkown filesystem Entering rescue mode... grub rescue >
The Windows update did something bad to my Grub and the selection menu did not appear.
After some research I got this fix from these resources:
First, you need to find out which partition is your Linux system installed and the which is the grub directory.
From the Grub rescue mode:
grub rescue > ls
This command will list all partitions available in the system.
(hd0), (hd0,gpt1), (hd0,gpt2), (hd0,gpt3) ...
grub rescue>ls (hd0,0)
Repeat this command for all partitions available until you get a answer diferent than “unknown filesystem”.
Now assuming the correct one is (hd0, gpt6):
grub rescue > set root = (hd0,gpt6)
grub rescue > set prefix = (hd0,gpt6)/boot/grub
grub rescue > insmod normal
grub rescue > normal
You will get the usual Grub menu.
Enter then into your linux system and fix Grub.
To fix I followed this method using a Linux liveUSB:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:yannubuntu/boot-repair sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install -y boot-repair boot-repair
Restart and your Grub menu should be back again.